I am afraid I have to disagree with you Moon. The golems may be self animated, and a few of them may be self aware, but once the human factor is gone, there is nothing to hold a golem society together. THey dont need anything other than etheroil, and I dont imagine too many were programed to refuel themselves. It would create a serious problem if the golems followed their own resupply schedules when supplies were not completely constant. If a golem was denied fule it thought it deserved, it would take the fuel, and cause quite alot of destruction in the process.
People are not generally stupid. In the realm of science fiction humans make some collosal screw-ups, but such screw-ups are often essential to the progression of the story. We have seen enough movies and books about self aware computers taking over the world, we arent going to create a world dominating super computer just because. There are going to be a long line of golems leading up to the time of the golem wars, and the mistakes of construction and creation should be well worked out by then. Self replicating, socially active golems would be the fantasy equivalent of robots, and there would be a similar golem version of technophobia.
This in mind, once the human element, the controlling element was gone, the golems would kick around for a while but several things would come to pass.
1. No new golems would be made, with a finite number, attrition will reduce the numbers, quicker if the golems are violently active.
2. Golems that are active will run out of fuel, unless someone is refueling them, thus further reducing the number.
3. Entropy always wins.
But on the other hand, this is like the definition of dragons, a purely fantastic venture in which no one can be assured of what is correct or what is not, as the subject matter doesnt exist.